Equivalents and Conversions
Converting oranges into apples

U.S. Weights and Measures
Approximate Equivalents
Temperatures: Fahrenheit (F) = Celsius (C)
Conversion Factors
Conversion of Measures for Ingredients (USA = Europe)

 

U.S. Weights and Measures

1 pinch = less than 1/8 teaspoon (dry)
1 dash = 3 drops to 1/4 teaspoon (liquid)
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce (liquid and dry)
2 tablespoons = 1 ounce (liquid and dry)
4 tablespoons = 2 ounces (liquid and dry) = 1/4 cup
5 1/3 tablespoons = 1/3 cup
16 tablespoons = 8 ounces = 1 cup = 1/2 pound
16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons
32 tablespoons = 16 ounces = 2 cups = 1 pound
64 tablespoons = 32 ounces = 1 quart = 2 pounds
1 cup = 8 ounces (liquid) = 1/2 pint
2 cups = 16 ounces (liquid) = 1 pint
4 cups = 32 ounces (liquid) = 2 pints = 1 quart
16 cups = 128 ounces (liquid) = 4 quarts = 1 gallon
1 quart = 2 pints (dry)
8 quarts = 1 peck (dry)
4 pecks = 1 bushel (dry)

Approximate Equivalents

1 quart (liquid) = approximately 1 liter
8 tablespoons = 4 ounces = 1/2 cup = 1 stick butter
1 cup all-purpose
pre-sifted flour =

5 ounces
1 cup stoneground yellow
cornmeal =

4 1/2 ounces
1 pat of butter = 2 teaspoons
1 cup granulated sugar = 8 ounces
1 cup brown sugar = 6 ounces
1 cup confectioners' sugar = 4 1/2 ounces
1 large egg = 2 ounces = 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons
1 egg yolk = 1 tablespoon + 1 teaspoon
1 egg white = 2 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
 
Temperatures: Fahrenheit (F) = Celsius (C)
-10F = -23.3C (freezer storage)
0F = -17.7C
32F = 0C (water freezes)
50F = 10C
68F = 20C (room temperature)
100F = 37.7C
150F = 65.5C
205F = 96.1C (water simmers)
212F = 100C (water boils)
300F = 148.8C
325F = 162.8C
350F = 177C (baking)
375F = 190.5C
400F = 204.4C (hot oven)
425F = 218.3C
450F = 232C (very hot oven)
475F = 246.1C
500F = 260C (broiling)

Conversion Factors

Ounces to Grams: Multiply ounce figure by 28.3 to get number of grams
Grams to Ounces:
Multiply gram figure by .0353 to get number of ounces
Pounds to Grams: Multiply pound figure by 453.59 to get number of grams
Pounds to Kilograms:
Multiply pounds by 0.45 to get number of kilograms
Ounces to Milliliters:
Multiply ounce figure by 30 to get number of milliliters
Cups to Liters:
Multiply cup figure by 0.24 to get number of liters
Fahrenheit to Celsius: Subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit figure, multiply by 5, then divide by 9 to get Celsius figure
Celsius to Fahrenheit: Multiply Celsius figure by 9, divide by 5, then add 32 to get Fahrenheit figure
Inches to Centimeters: Multiply inches by 2.54 to get number of centimeters
Centimeters to Inches: Multiply centimeter figure by .39 to get number of inches

Conversion of Measures for Ingredients (USA = Europe)

 
USA
Europe
Flour
1/4 cup
30 GM.
1/2 cup
60 GM.
1 cup
125 GM.
Sugar or Butter
1/4 cup
60 GM.
1/2 cup
125 GM.
1 cup
250 GM.
Liquids
1/4 cup
5 CL.
1/2 cup
1.25 DL.
3/4 cup
1.8 DL.
1 cup
2.5 DL.
4 cups (1 quart)
1 Liter

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